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Your Guide To Buying Agricultural Land In Montana

Thinking of relocating to Montana? Here's what you need to know. Stay tuned for more articles on farming, ranching, and hunting in Montana. 

Montana Highlights and Key Attributes

A brief look at Montana's agriculture, beauty, and entrepreneurship

Welcome to Montana’s Big Sky Country, known as the Treasure State because of its strong mining industry. As the 4th largest state in the US, Montana has so much to offer that we can only cover a fraction of what’s there. However, if you’re thinking of buying property in the Montana, here are a few of the highlights that make this amazing state stand out. In this brief glimpse, we will look at Montana’s agriculture, beauty, and entrepreneurship. 

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Acres of Farmland

$3.5 Billion

Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold

1.062 million


Real Estate Professionals in Montana

J.R. Breen
Licensed in Montana
J.R. was born and raised in Big Horn County, Montana where him and his extended family have been in the ranching business for four generation. He received a degree from Montana State University and has been a Farm and Ranch Real Estate professional for over 26 years. JR has worked and managed several large cow/calf, yearling operations throughout Montana and Wyoming. Ranching is his passion and working with the people who have built the industry.
(406) 679-0915
Marv Van Houten
Licensed in Montana
Marv has been in farming operations since 1973 and has over 25 year’s experience in real estate sales. He brings a lifetime of knowledge and expertise to serve our clients well.
308 360-1776
Rick Denief
Licensed in Montana
Rick Denief was raised in the Black Hills of South Dakota and has always enjoyed his hometown history enriched with homesteaders, outlaws, pastors, and entrepreneurship. Brought up with a strong work ethic developed by being raised in the building trades, most of Rick’s family stories surround ranching in western South Dakota and building something from nothing. "With an electrician for a father, my first job was learning to wire houses as an 8-year-old."...
Lana Tibbetts
Licensed in Montana
Montana is a great place to call home, where the people are second to none. After obtaining a degree from Montana State University in Business Marketing and working as a sales agent for a few years, I returned back home to the family ranch in Terry, Montana. Being raised on a ranch in Eastern Montana has given me an honest, hard working work ethic. My love of the land is paramount and the real estate industry gives me the opportunity to help people fulfill their dreams and desires.

Montana Highlights and Key Attributes

A brief look at Montana's agriculture, beauty, and entrepreneurship

Welcome to Montana’s Big Sky Country. As the 4th largest state in the US, Montana has so much to offer that we can only cover a fraction of what’s there. However, if you’re thinking of buying property in the Treasure State, here are a few of the highlights that make this amazing state stand out. In this brief glimpse, we will look at Montana’s agriculture, beauty, and entrepreneurship.

Agriculture is consistently Montana’s leading industry, according to the Montana Department of Agriculture. In 2017, the number of Montana farms that brought in at least $1000 per year numbered 27,048 and covered 58,122,878 acres of farmland (just under 62% of the land in the state). For comparison, the farmland alone in Montana comprises a greater area than the combined size of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Vermont. While Montana produces a multitude of agricultural products, the two biggest are cattle ranching and winter wheat production. In the most recent Census of Agriculture (2017), Montana produced 137 million bushels of wheat and had an inventory of 2.5 million cattle and calves. Much of Montana's wheat grows in an area known as the "Golden Triangle," located in north-central Montana between Havre, Conrad, and Great Falls. The county with the most cattle is Beaverhead county, on Montana's southwestern edge.

Montana is renowned as a place of breathtaking beauty, with stunning state parks, towering mountains, sky-blue lakes, and amazing outdoor recreation opportunities. This leads many Montanans to call the state “The Last Best Place.” Montana Governor Steve Bullock praised the state for “spectacular wide open spaces that make our state one of the last truly unspoiled places on Earth. Montana is still a place where you can walk for miles and see more elk, bear, and trout than people.” From Glacier National Park to Makoshika State Park, Montana has a tremendous amount of natural beauty.

With the highest rate of household business ownership in the nation, Montana is also an entrepreneurial state. Entrepreneurship can be a lonely and challenging business, but being in Montana places you in a climate where you're surrounded by other entrepreneurial, resilient, hardworking people.

To take an even closer look at farming and ranching in Montana, watch for our upcoming articles. In the meantime, check out the Thompson Creek Ranch and contact American Land Brokers about additional Montana farms and ranches for sale. We are here to help you find the right property for your needs.

Important Regions of Montana

Where should you buy land in Montana?

If you’re looking for a dream property in Montana, the state has so much variety to offer that almost anyone would be able to find their ideal location. Different parts of the state draw people for different reasons, so the question is not “what’s the best region of Montana?” but, “which area of Montana fits YOUR investment needs and what are YOU likely to enjoy the most?” Let’s cover some of the most important areas of Montana together.

Eastern Montana

Eastern Montana is where you’ll find large tracts of relatively flat, fertile land for farming and ranching. While all the tourists are hanging out in the mountains of Western Montana, all the hardworking folks who are making the land produce food are concentrated in Eastern Montana, along with its share of cattle ranches and a large variety of niche agricultural products. Don’t get the idea that there’s any lack of beauty in Eastern Montana, though. There’s a whole different kind of beauty here, which inspires the love of the locals and visitors alike.

Western Montana

Western Montana is the portion of Montana west of the Continental Divide, and is the place where soaring peaks meet stunning blue lakes. It’s the place where hiking trails under tremendous blue skies pass through lush forests and cross sparkling streams. Western Montana also boasts the iconic Glacier National Park where 3 mountain ranges converge with over 150 mountain peaks soaring above 8,000 feet. Despite having only 6% of Montana’s farmland, Western Montana produces 68% of the state’s potatoes and hosts 82% of the state’s orchards. The area also grows excellent timber. One note to be aware of is that the average price per acre in Western Montana averages about triple the price in the rest of the state, so if you’re looking to sell, this is a factor in your favor. 

Region Spotlights

The Yellowstone River Valley

The Yellowstone River Valley is home to some of the most beautiful, productive land in Montana. This river valley borders the Yellowstone River all the way from its origin in Yellowstone National Park to the moment 676 miles later when it merges with the Missouri river in North Dakota. The land in this river valley offers great opportunities for both farming and ranching, thanks to fertile soils, good rainfall, great irrigation opportunities, and beautiful, wide open spaces. 

This allows you to make a living in agriculture from fewer acres of land. For instance, Yellowstone County (where Billings, MT is located), has the most 50-500 acre farms of any county in the state. At the same time, the county has more cattle farms, brings in more dollars for the cattle than even Beaverhead County (discussed below), and also manages to produce 17% of all the corn in Montana, despite only comprising 2.76% of the state. Adjacent to Yellowstone County, Treasure County had the highest average agricultural income per farm of any county in the state, at $372,118 in 20171. Big Horn County (also along the Yellowstone River Valley) has more acres of agricultural land than any county in the state, has the largest average-size farm of any county in the state, and has an average net cash farm income that’s 150% of the Montana average while boasting one of the lowest prices per acre in the state. 

The Golden Triangle

If you’re planning on growing wheat, you probably want to buy land somewhere in Montana’s Golden Triangle, which we briefly referenced in the Montana Highlights article. The Golden Triangle is located in north-central Montana and forms a rough triangle between the towns of Havre, Conrad, and Great Falls. Chouteau county occupies the majority of this Golden Triangle, and it produced approximately 2.5 times as much wheat as the next-largest wheat producing county in Montana1 while bringing in $170 million in agricultural goods sold1. So for the wheat-growers, Chouteau and the surrounding counties might be a good place for you to start your land search. Several of the surrounding counties are also part of this prosperous region, including 

Beaverhead County

Beaverhead County is located in the southwestern corner of Montana. Due to a surprising configuration of the mountains, the Continental Divide makes a C-shaped swoop around the edges of Beaverhead County, placing this county on the east side of the Continental divide. This means the land in the county is watered from all the snowmelt that flows from the mountain ranges to the North, West, and South of it. Despite having only 2% of the farmland in the state, Beaverhead has almost 13% of the irrigated acres in the state. The fertile, well-watered land with hardy native grasses allows Beaverhead County to support more cattle and calves than any other county in the state. 

American Land Brokers is Your Source for Choosing Montana Land

Looking for land in a particular area of Montana? Or are you wanting to buy land for a particular purpose, and wondering which region of Montana will give you the best outcomes? Contact our Montana brokers to get the kind of boots-on-the-ground insight that will help you to make the right decision for you. We look forward to hearing from you. 


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